The path to recovery is different for every victim of a mass violence incident. Self-help resources may be useful as a way to begin your own healing process or to provide help to a child or someone close to you. These resources are not a substitute for treatment from a health care professional, but they may help you learn important skills and coping strategies.
For information about crisis counseling, victim assistance services, legal assistance, or finding a therapist, click here.
People may have a variety of reactions after a mass violence incident. These reactions may be experienced by:
The following tip sheets can help you understand common trauma reactions that people may have after a mass violence incident.
Provides information for teens regarding common reactions to mass violence, and tips for self-care and connecting with other victims.Read This
Offers information for college students on how to cope after involvement in a shooting. This fact sheet provides information on common trauma reactions, and what they can do for themselves.Read This
Describes possible emotional, physical and behavioral reactions to a disaster or traumatic event to help survivors identify early warning signs of stress, and provides practical tips for relieving this stress.Read This
Provides information about grief, the grieving process and complicated or traumatic grief. It also offers practical coping tips for those who are personally experiencing grief following involvement in a traumatic event.Read This
Helps survivors of disasters or traumatic events better understand what to expect in their personal, family, work and financial lives in the days and weeks after the incident. Provides tips for coping with and managing these changes, and details signs that may show that a survivor needs more help managing their stress.Read This
The following tip sheets describe strategies that may help someone cope after a mass violence incident. Everyone is different. What works for some may not work for others.
Professional treatment may be helpful to you if you have had troubling thoughts and feelings that create significant problems in different areas of your life, and these have affected you for more than a few days or weeks.
Describes the feelings and emotions that a survivor may be experiencing after a disaster, and provides tips for taking action to overcome these. This tip sheet also suggests steps to follow if you or your loved one needs additional help to improve their emotional health.Read This
Mass violence incidents can be especially difficult for children and teenagers. Parents and caregivers can play an important role in the recovery process. These resources can help parents and caregivers understand common behaviors and reactions their child may have and how to help them cope.
Provides suggestions for parents whose child has been exposed to the news of a mass violence incident.Read This
Describes common reactions experienced by children and teens following involvement in a mass shooting, and suggests things that parents and caregivers can do for their child to help them cope. Self-help tips for parents and caregivers are also provided.Read This | En Español
This guide offers insight and suggestions for how to handle talking to children in relation to tragic events, such as shootings and terrorist attacks, that they are likely to hear about at school and/or on the news.Read This
This guide reviews how children grieve and how parents and other caring adults can help them better understand and adjust to a death. The information this guide provides can help parents and adults who are part of the lives of children who have experienced a loss know what to expect and how to help.Read This
These guidelines are designed to help school administrators, teachers, and crisis team members respond to the needs of students and staff after a loss has impacted the school environment, such as after the death of a student or staff member or when deaths occur that affect many people in the community.Read This
Teachers and school staff are uniquely poised to observe grief responses over time and can take steps to anticipate challenges. The support and understanding that educators offer grieving students over the holidays can be especially helpful.Read This
Free professional development presentations, complete with speaker notes, that provide information for teachers and school staff on how to support grieving students.Read This
Provides self-care strategies for teachers or providers who are helping students cope after a traumatic event.Read This
Helps parents and caregivers recognize traumatic grief responses in young children and provides tips for helping the child cope with their loss.Read This
Offers information about media coverage following a shooting and details what parents and caregivers can do to protect their children. This tip sheet also provides recommendations for families that have become part of the media’s story.Read This
Helps parents and caregivers recognize traumatic grief responses in school-age children and provides tips for helping the child cope with their loss.Read This
Describes the psychological impact that a shooting has on children and families. Outlines common reactions to shootings such as posttraumatic stress reactions, grief reactions, depression, physical symptoms, trauma and loss reminders, traumatic grief, post-disaster adversities, and coping after catastrophic violence.Read This
Helps parents and caregivers recognize traumatic grief responses in teens and provides tips for helping the teen cope with their loss.Read This
Offers guidance and helpful tips on how to talk to children about mass violence and when to seek extra help.Read This
Offers guidance and helpful tips on how to talk to children about a shooting and when to seek extra help.Read This
Provides tips for youth, parents, and caregivers on how to interact with journalists after a mass violence event or shooting. Helps parents and children identify a good reporter and better understand their rights when conducting an interview.Read This
Describes common reactions experienced by children and teens following involvement in a mass violence incident, and suggests things that parents and caregivers can do for their child to help them cope. Self-help tips for parents and caregivers are also provided.Read This
Provides information on types of trauma and the effects of trauma on children and youth. Tips for helping a child who has experienced trauma are also provided.Read This
Offers information on helping children cope after a traumatic event including what to expect, how to help and what to look out for.Read This Story
Offers tips for talking with children about violence, including specific points to emphasize in conversations following the violent event.Read This
Helps parents and caregivers recognize common reactions of children after experiencing a disaster or traumatic event.Read This
Provides tips on talking to children about anti-Semitism including how to start the conversation, how to gently correct inaccurate information, understanding common reactions children may have after mass violence, how to answer questions directly, how to be a positive role model, and empowering children and teens.Read This
Lists common reactions educators might see in the students with whom they work and suggestions on how they may help after community trauma. This tip sheet describes how traumatic events, such as a natural disaster, school violence, or the traumatic death of a peer or educator, can affect students’ learning, behavior, and relationships.Read This
Provides ways to navigate questions about death, funerals, and memorials for children. This fact sheet discusses this challenging, but manageable, task and includes sample questions and answers to help guide discussions.Read This
Self-help applications are not a substitute for face-to-face treatment from a mental health professional, but those affected by mass violence incidents may find that “apps” help with recovery process.
Mobile self-help apps that we recommend:
*The following applications were not created by the National Mass Violence Victimization Resource Center. Technical support for these programs therefore cannot be provided by NMVVRC faculty or staff. Please seek assistance from a medical professional if symptoms persist or worsen.
The National Mass Violence Victimization Resource Center is developing a mobile self-help application for victims of mass violence, expected to release in Spring 2020.
The PTSD Coach app can help you learn about and manage your trauma-related symptoms, such as nightmares, intrusive thoughts or images about the trauma, and high levels of anxiety or arousal. This app provides tips and coping strategies, as well as tools for tracking your symptoms.
Download it for free here:
This free, web-based application provides self-help lessons for depression, general anxiety and social anxiety, as well as for divorce/separation and loss/bereavement.
Access eCouch here:https://ecouch.anu.edu.au/welcome
Created originally for firefighters, this freely available resource can be used by all first responders, helping them recognize and respond appropriately to suicide risk in themselves and in peers. This web resource is designed as a rapid intervention tool and provides tips, a checkup, and access to support. Designed for mobile use.
Access RIT Tools here:http://rit.pocketpeer.org
A free app to promote emotional recovery for the surviving family members, surviving witnesses, and other members of the Emanuel AME congregation. This app includes several resources that are based on best practices in the areas of grief, mood, and stress.
Download it for free here: